THE CENSUS: Big Shuffle

The job had taken nearly three years and 150,000 people. Last week it was done; the 1950 census was officially over.

In ten record-breaking years, the U.S. had gained 19,028,086 people. All but four states had grown, and the increases in the west were gigantic; California alone could count 3,678,836 newcomers (more people than live in any one of 36 other states). The total U.S. population—150,697,361—was about 45 million more than it was in the '205,90 million more than it was in the Gay Nineties.

Besides its value to businessmen, economists and government...