National Affairs: The House

Control of the House in the 82nd Congress stayed in the hands of the Democrats by a substantial majority, but one that would be reduced from the 259-169 division in the 81st Congress. Republicans stood to gain at least 23 seats, perhaps as many as 36.

Both parties will have their tough, experienced leaders back. Shiny-pated Speaker Sam Rayburn, 69, ran without opposition in his Texas district; Majority Leader John McCormack of Massachusetts and all of the important Democratic committee chairmen also won. The G.O.P. will again be guided by Minority Leader Joe Martin...

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