THE TURGENEV FAMILY (179 pp.)V. ZhitovaRoy ($2.75).
TURGENEV: A LIFE (328 pp.)David MagarshackGrove ($6).
"[In Russia], the habits of slavery are too deeply implanted." says a Russian in Ivan Turgenev's novel Smoke. "We must have a master in everything . . . This master is mostly a living person, but sometimes a so-called movement gets the upper hand . . . Why and on the strength of what reasons we [Russians] become slaves is a mystery, but such, it seems, is our nature."
Such, too, was the nature of Novelist Turgenev (Fathers and Sons, On the Eve, Rudin), with the vital difference that he...