CANADA: Aluminum Empire

In the wilds of northern British Colum bia last week, the touring Duke of Edinburgh was taken inside a 7,000-ft. mountain where a powerhouse bigger than a cathedral had been blasted out of the solid granite. Water from glacial lakes poured down through a ten-mile tunnel to turn the turbines and set in motion the vast Kitimat project built by the Aluminum Co. of Canada. "Does it work?" shouted the duke above the machines' roar. Said a proud Alcan engineer: "You bet it does."

As Philip watched, the $275 million Kitimat project,* which includes the world's biggest aluminum factory and...

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