Science: Diving Diggers

The glory that was Greece and the grandeur that was Rome have been pretty well picked over on dry land. But under the surface of the Mediterranean, says Archeologist Philippe Diolé, lie untold sunken deposits of classical history and art. In a new book, 4,000 Years Under the Sea (Messner; $4.50), Diolé tells how diving archeologists are just beginning to exploit the submarine digging grounds.

The Romans were reluctant seamen; whenever they could, they traveled by land over their famed roads. Their empire, nevertheless, was held together by seaborne commercial and naval power. Their predecessors—the Greeks. Phoenicians and Cretans—went down to...

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