Medicine: 269,000 Needles

As the second-graders trooped to the inoculation room in McLean, Va., Randall Kerr, 6, was where he had begged to be: at the head of the line. He was not only the first in Fairfax County, but the first child in the nation inoculated in the mass trials of the polio vaccine developed by Dr. Jonas E. Salk (TIME, March 29). Randy, like the rest of the Virginia kids, knew that he was getting real vaccine. (In a dozen states, half the children are being given an inert control substance.) Randy's comment: "I could hardly feel it. It hurt less...

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