Religion: Almost a Lutheran

As Franz Rosenzweig, aged six, was leaving his family's house in Kassel, Germany for his first session at school one day in 1893, his uncle took him by the shoulders and shook him. "My boy," he said, "you are going among people for the first time today; remember as long as you live that you are a Jew."

Rosenzweig never really forgot the admonition, though he came close. Before his death in 1929, he had established himself as one of the most original thinkers of 20th century Judaism. His "third way" of Judaism, equally...

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