South Carolina's Democratic Senator Olin D. Johnston was alarmed by the efforts of Businessman William A. Kimbel to renovate South Carolina's Republican Party. When Kimbel, leader of the South Carolina drive for Eisenhower in 1952, was named U.S. representative to the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe last February, Johnston saw a chance to cause some embarrassment. He succeeded. The fact that it was mainly the U.S. that was embarrassed made little difference to Olin Dewitt Johnston.

Johnston set out to block Kimbel's confirmation in the Senate. He named nine persons who "desired" to testify against the nomination. Most...

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