For Senator Joseph R. McCarthy, the week began about like any other week since McCarthy became an ism. There was an accusation here and a headline there, intermittent spatters of mud and an occasional old tomato. Hardly anyone heard the ominous creaking around the eaves of the house of McCarthyism. Then the roof fell in.

Joe McCarthy's real trouble began behind the closed door of President Dwight Eisenhower's office. When Republican congressional leaders began to leave after their regular Monday conference with the President, he asked them to sit down again. For the next 45 minutes, Dwight Eisenhower, his chin jutting,...

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