THE CONGRESS: Pressure Makes Arithmetic

Outside the U.S. Senate Chamber stands a bust of Harry Truman. Its nose gets dirty because visitors are always tweaking it—most of them affectionately, some not. Last week, as workmen were finishing the Capitol's annual housecleaning, the nose was immaculate—all was ready for the second session of the 83rd Congress.

The legislative precincts were stirring and buzzing like a beehive in spring. By 8 o'clock almost every morning, Republican Senate Leader William Fife Knowland was in the Senate restaurant having California orange juice, poached eggs, politics and legislative plans for breakfast. The...

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