After three years of fighting and
two years of intermittent haggling, the Korean war neared its end, only
a few thousand yards from where it had begun. There was no victory. At
a staggering cost in life (including 24,000 Americans killed) and
property, the United Nations had upheld a principle: aggression had
been repulsed. Another principle, unification of a divided country,
would have to wait.
In the boxlike wood-and-matting conference house at Panmunjom, Lieut.
General William K. Harrison and General Nam II signed the "terms of
reference" for an agreement on the exchange of prisoners of war. The
Communists gave in...