Medicine: Historic Operation

Nothing has been dearer to the surgeon's heart than the dream of a machine to replace the heart—by pumping a patient's blood during an operation. To be thoroughly effective, it must also do the work of the lungs and oxygenate the blood. Only with such equipment could the surgeon perform delicate operations with the heart in his hand, in full view, and with no blood flowing through it. Last week Philadelphia's Dr. John H. Gibbon Jr. made the dream a reality.

His patient, Cecelia Bavolek, 18, a freshman at Wilkes College in Wilkes-Barre, Pa., was not yet born when Dr. Gibbon began...

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