National Affairs: 5,000 Words

Nine days after President Eisenhower challenged Moscow to prove peaceful intent by deeds, not words, the masters in the Kremlin replied—with 5,000 words. They spoke through a long, front-page editorial in Pravda, Izvestia, and other leading papers; inside, on page 3, appeared a belated, full translation of Eisenhower's address (TIME, April 27).

Professing "a feeling of sympathy" for the U.S. President's aim of a "true and total peace," the Soviet statement: 1) unsympathetically rejected all of Eisenhower's minimum terms for a global settlement; 2) indirectly countered with some Soviet terms, e.g., no rearming of...

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