BATTLE OF KOREA: Welcome to Freedom

Rain during the night had settled the dust of the Korean roads, and the buses and Russian-made ambulances lumbering down from Kaesong to Panmunjom stirred up no clouds. The first man on the U.N. side to spot them was a U.S. soldier in a front line observation post, outside the Panmunjom neutral area, who was watching through field glasses. Artillery whined and smacked in the nearby hills.

Seven Communist ambulances preceded by two jeeps arrived first at the exchange site. Red officers hopped out of the jeeps and handed over lists of the U.N. prisoners they were returning. The men inside...

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