INDONESIA: The Unknown War

More Moslems (68 million) live in the Republic of Indonesia than in any other nation. They are mostly docile peasants, content to harvest their rubber, rice, sugar, tea and coffee, but on one subject the Indonesians are as explosive as their island volcanoes: religion. Islam provided both the force and the fervor that ousted the Dutch in 1949; today, a fanatic guerrilla organization, Darul Islam (the Abode of Islam) threatens the unsteady republic with chaos and civil war.

Darul Islam's leader is Kartosuwirjo, a 46-year-old mystic, who holds court in the rugged mountain fastnesses of western Java. Against the Dutch,...

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