The dream of a European Union, almost as old as Europe itself, came a little closer to reality last week—close enough to have a leader (France's Jean Monnet), an address (Avenue de la Liberté, Luxembourg) and a telephone number: Luxembourg 8841.

Six months to the day after the European Coal-Steel Community treaty (Schuman Plan) was signed and sealed, its six member nations* this week prepared to surrender control of their coal industries to a supranational cabinet: the nine-man High Authority. Europe's scrap-iron trade will be handed over in March, and its steel...

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