Medicine: Death's Captain

To the Rockefeller Institute's famed Bacteriologist Rene Jules Dubos. tuberculosis is a personal enemy. It killed his first wife; his assistant and second wife, Jean Porter Dubos, has suffered from it.

To French-born Dr. Dubos should go much of the credit for sparking the development of antibiotics—among them streptomycin, first and still the best of the "miracle drugs" which fight TB. But in The White Plague (Little. Brown; $4), Rene and Jean Dubos urge mankind to stop thinking of the disease in terms of drugs and individual patients: "Tuberculosis is a social disease...