From jungle clearings and Caracas villas, 2,000,000 Venezuelan voters trooped to the polls this week. Promised ever since a military junta overthrew the country's legitimately elected regime four years ago, the election was for a constitutional Congress which will design a new government and name a new President.

The pro-junta Independent Electoral Front (F.E.I.) was pitted against a pair of opposition parties, the Social Christian COPEI and the leftish Democratic Republican Union (U.R.D.). Bossed by owlish Colonel Marcos Perez Jimenez, the junta harassed the opposition, jailed its leaders, censored its press. COPEI and U.R.D. reluctantly entered the race in hope...

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