GERMANY: Rebirth at Essen

"What are your plans?" newsmen asked Alfred Krupp von Bohlen and Halbach when he was arrested in 1945 as a war criminal, amid the wreckage of his vast armaments empire. "Rebuild the factories," answered Krupp, "and produce again." Last week he was about to make good his resolve.

In World War II, Allied bombers knocked out more than 60% of Krupp's Essen plants and equipment, and the work begun by bombers was carried on by the victorious governments. Russia grabbed more than 130,000 tons of valuable Krupp machinery. Britain carted away 150,000 tons of valuable scrap, systematically dismantled half...

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