EUROPE: Birth of a Colossus

Prussia's greatest statesman, Prince Otto von Bismarck, often maintained that the squabbling states of Germany would never be united except by blood and iron, but lived to acknowledge that coal and iron played the larger role. Last week six Western European nations, including the ancient enemies France and Germany who have three times tried blood and iron, gave coal and iron a chance to unite them.

In the sharp spired city of Luxembourg (pop. 65,000), Sunday-suited burghers, many of them heavy workers from the Grand Duchy's steel mills, stolidly watched the nine-man High Authority of the European Coal-Steel Community take...

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