"This is my dream—all British," Empire Builder Cecil Rhodes once said, placing the palm of his hand across the map of Africa. Rhodes spoke 75 years ago, and in the following half-century his countrymen came close to fulfilling his dream. In West Africa's jungles, they founded two great river colonies: the Gold Coast, which is bigger than Minnesota, and Nigeria, which dwarfs Texas and Oklahoma combined, and is Britain's most populous (25 million) African possession. Following Explorer David Livingstone in his search for the source of the Nile, they filtered into East Africa,...

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