The Press: Death in Prague

For years, Lidove Noviny (People's News) was Czechoslovakia's best newspaper, often favorably compared with the New York Times. Politically independent, the paper built up a large staff of foreign correspondents and a list of notable contributors (Thomas Mann, Winston Churchill, Karel Capek, Leon Blum). At the peak of its influence in the '20s and '30s, the Lidove Noviny had a circulation of 80,000 and always made money.

But when the Nazis invaded Czechoslovakia, Political Editor Ferdinand Peroutka, along with other staffers who opposed the Nazis, was thrown into concentration camp. Not till 1945 was Peroutka released. Back in Prague, he took over...

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