LABOR: Union Shop by U.S. Order?

The U.S. Wage Stabilization Board will soon make a recommendation that may profoundly affect all U.S. labor. Up before the board are three major disputes, involving steel, aluminum and aircraft workers; in each instance, the unions are demanding the union shop.

The Taft-Hartley law, which bans the closed shop, permits the union shop wherever a majority of workers votes for it. Under a union-shop contract, the worker must become a union member within a specified period (usually 30 to 60 days) after being hired or after the contract is signed; his union dues are usually deducted from his wages (checkoff); but,...

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