The U.S., which was once called isolationist, this week closed its books on history's greatest single act of international generosity: the Marshall Plan. In 45 months, ECA spent $12 billion—the equivalent of $80 apiece for every man, woman & child in the U.S.—to heal Europe's war wounds, to start up factories, and to rescue from fear, apathy and poverty millions of Europeans and Asians. Biggest beneficiaries: Britain, $2.8 billion,* France $2.3 billion, Germany and Italy $1.3 billion each. Tiny Holland—with an even $1 billion — got more than the whole of Asia....

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