Once a temporary cease-fire line was agreed upon, the negotiators in the tent at Panmunjom went on to harder matters. They sank their teeth into the "tough gristle of Item 3, which concerns supervision of the armistice after it is signed. Meanwhile, the 30—day trial period, which expires Dec. 27, started ticking away.

Everyone knew that Item 3 would be difficult. Key point of the U.N. proposal was that joint U.N.-Communist observation teams should be given access to all parts of Korea. Key point of the Communist proposal was that a joint armistice...

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