Medicine: Measured Milers

Like many another track fan, Dr. R. W. Parnell, physician in charge of Oxford's student health service, has often wondered what makes one athlete better than another. The obvious generalities didn't satisfy him. Hefty, well-muscled specimens usually make better shot-putters than the long, lanky types that might be high jumpers. Good runners usually have large hearts and slow pulses. But are there certain inborn physical characteristics that make one athlete a miler and another a dash man, one athlete a champion—and another an also-ran?

Last week in Edinburgh, Dr. Parnell told the British Association...

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