TURKEY (pop. 20,902,000): most progressive Moslem country, with constitutional government, compulsory schooling, woman suffrage. Head of state: President CELAL BAYAR, 67. Armed forces: 350,000 men, 22,000 officers, with a potential strength of 2,000,000; high on courage, low on equipment, planes, training.

IRAN (pop. 18,381,000): Head of state: SHAH MOHAMED, 31. Premier: MOHAMMED MOSSADEQ. Only large organized political party: the Tudeh (Masses, i.e., Communists). Army: 145,000 men, outdated equipment. Main issue: oil.

IRAQ (pop. 4,799,000): slice of Ottoman Empire mandated to the British after World War I, served up to Hashemite King Feisal I (Abdullah's younger brother) in 1921; independent since 1932; a...

Want the full story?

Subscribe Now


Get TIME the way you want it

  • One Week Digital Pass — $4.99
  • Monthly Pay-As-You-Go DIGITAL ACCESS$2.99
  • One Year ALL ACCESSJust $30!   Best Deal!
    Print Magazine + Digital Edition + Subscriber-only Content on

Learn more about the benefits of being a TIME subscriber

If you are already a subscriber sign up — registration is free!