One day last week, U.S. citizens read in the inside pages of their newspapers that Secretary of Defense George C. Marshall was the commencement speaker at Washington University in St. Louis. Two days later, they were reading of George Marshall on Page One: the 70-year-old Secretary was in Korea for a front-line look at the battle situation.

A special Pan American Constellation carried Marshall to Tokyo's Haneda airport, where he joined General Matthew B. Ridgway. They took a waiting C-54 and roared off to a forward area landing strip in Korea. Within minutes, eleven light planes had joined it—like rooks...

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