Education: Decision on the Oath

In a Sacramento courtroom last week, the two-year battle of the University of California loyalty oath came to its first legal decision. By unanimous vote, the three-man district court of appeals 1) declared the oath unconstitutional and 2) ordered the reinstatement of 26 professors who had been fired for not signing it.

Under California's constitution, said the court, all state employees (including faculty members of the university) are already required to swear allegiance to both state and nation. "We conclude that the people of California intended . . . that that pledge is the highest loyalty that can be demonstrated by any...

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