National Affairs: Passport to Citizenship

"Back in the old [Army] days," General Dwight D. Eisenhower told a Senate committee last month, "you had a tough job finding anyone in your division who could speak good English." Though the Army had never gone abroad to hire foreign mercenaries, it had long filled out its ranks with aliens living in the U.S. (In World War II, an honorable service record gave aliens citizenship in three years instead of five.) Last week, going a step further, the Defense Department announced that it would soon recruit 2,500 carefully screened displaced persons living in the U.S. zone of Germany.

The U.S. was...