THE CONGRESS: A Question of Strategy

In a crowded, klieg-lighted hearing room on Capitol Hill last week, George Marshall filled in the details of U.S. plans for the defense of Europe—and in so doing all but ended the Great Debate. He disclosed to Congress and the world just how many U.S. troops would be committed to General Eisenhower's command.

Although Eisenhower had described the U.S. role in NATO chiefly as a supplier of arms and air power, he had made it clear that the U.S. would dispatch some troops; how many, he said, was an open question. For reasons...