This week the Communists, who had been giving ground before Seoul and shifting strength to the east, launched a vicious 60,000-man assault on a 30-mile front in the central mountains of Korea. Outnumbered South Koreans, who were out in front with a U.S. division backing them up (see below), promptly collapsed. The Communists—Chinese and North Koreans —drove an eight-mile wedge in the allied line.

Some observers had the same shivery feeling that accompanied the Chinese breakthrough of last November and the wholesale U.N. retreat that followed. But the situation this time was...

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