BATTLE OF KOREA: Scorched-Earth Retreat

Said a U.S. officer, who had hoped that Douglas MacArthur's coast-to-coast line below the 38th parallel could be held: "What are you going to do when the enemy doesn't care how many men he loses?"

The suicidal fury of the Reds' first attack north of Seoul was astounding. The vast mass of the enemy pressed on by day as well as by night, ignoring U.S. artillery zeroed in on their lines of advance, ignoring the swarm of planes that hammered them from the air.

A U.S. communications unit stationed on what it supposed was an...

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