National Affairs: Panic Under Fire

One day last July, Lieut. Leon A. Gilbert, Negro company commander in the U.S. 25th Division, dug in on a hillside position near Sangju with orders to hold at all costs. From three sides, wave upon wave of enemy fire from mortars and whinnying burp guns splattered and rolled over his position. Two hours later, Lieut. Gilbert and 15 of his men were found wandering aimlessly 1,200 yards to the rear. Ordered to move up, he refused, mumbled that he had been ambushed and cut off, and that he had a wife and children to consider.

His court martial for "misbehavior before...

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