ETHIOPIA: Toward the Sea

Landlocked Ethiopia once had a seacoast. It fringed the strategic waters where the Red Sea runs into the Gulf of Aden and the Indian Ocean. In the 19th Century the British, the French and finally the Italians each grabbed themselves a wedge of Ethiopia's shore. In their portion called Eritrea (pop. 1,000,000; area 50,000 sq. mi.), the Italians of Benito Mussolini's Fascist era rebuilt the old city of Asmara. From Eritrea the Italians launched their conquest of Emperor Haile Selassie's domain. It took World War II to drive the Italians out again...

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