Said U.S. Secretary of Defense Marshall to the assembled Defense Ministers of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization : "This is the time that we must complete a plan that will make it perfectly clear to all the peoples we represent, and also to any who plot against us, that we are organizing, training, and equipping forces that can successfully resist aggression in any form."

All week in Washington, NATO's military experts worked on the kind of blueprint Marshall had in mind. The North Atlantic chiefs of staff whipped together a basic set of recommendations for the follow-up session of the...

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