THE CONGRESS: There Is a Danger . . .

"I had pictured myself as defending civil liberties," said Illinois' Senator Paul Douglas last week. "And yet," he added, "there is a Communist danger in this country." Standing in the old Supreme Court chamber where the Senate is temporarily housed, thoughtful Paul Douglas summed up the feelings of other conscientious and sorely troubled men.

For more than two weeks of agonized soul-searching, the Senate had grappled with a problem which the U.S. had never squarely met.* And yet, as Douglas pointed out, the country faced an undeniable danger from U.S. Communists who...

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