SOUTH AFRICA: Fighting Holist

For months, stubborn old Jan Christian Smuts fought off death. Exhausted by pneumonia and heart strain, the 80-year-old statesman made a slight concession to the enemy last June—he "temporarily" yielded his leadership of South Africa's United Party to his deputy, Jacobus Gideon Nel Strauss. But through his son, he announced that he planned soon "once more to enter the fray with renewed vigor." Last week, against his doctors' advice, Smuts left his tin-walled farmhouse to do just that.

The Idea of the Whole. Jan Smuts had always been in the fray—as statesman and soldier, as author, orator, mountain-climber, scientist, philosopher....

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