In the dreary beerhalls of Windhoek, capital of South-West Africa, the Hochs! swelled loud and heady last week. The German community, 13,000 strong, was celebrating victory—and revenge—in the first vote of the former German colony as part of the Union of South Africa. The Germans had swung the election—all six House of Assembly seats, 16 of 18 local legislative assembly seats. Their victory in South-West Africa gave a clear majority in South Africa's Parliament to the anti-British, pro-Boer, white-supremacy government of Prime Minister Daniel Malan.

South-West Africa's election (for whites only) had been held in defiance of the U.N., which...

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