Medicine: Transplanted Kidney

Openhanded nature gives people two kidneys, but only one is really needed to do the job (regulating the body's water balance and preventing the accumulation of waste products). Last week in Chicago, trying a desperate experiment on a woman doomed to die because both kidneys were hopelessly diseased, doctors performed the first human kidney transplanting on record.

Both the mother and sister of Mrs. Ruth Tucker, 49, had died of the disease which sent her to Chicago's Little Company of Mary Hospital. There is no known cure for polycystic kidneys, an ailment in which...

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