Cinema: Dreams & Dreamers

Psychologists, busier than most at delving for the hidden meaning, suspect that movies, like other forms of fiction, are ready-made daydreams. Consciously and unconsciously the movies reflect, say the psychologists, the deep-rooted feelings of the national culture in which they are made. Last week movie fans could examine the results of an ambitious attempt by two psychologists to probe the celluloid daydreams of the U.S., Britain and France. Americans were not likely to find the results flattering.

In Movies, a Psychological Study (Free Press; $4), Drs. Martha Wolfenstein and Nathan Leites set down the distinctive plot patterns of U.S., British and French...

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