RUSSIA: Neither Czar nor Commissar

Inside the U.S.S.R. there is a scattered anti-Communist underground. Last week in a Berlin cellar café, a leading representative of the Ukrainian nationalist movement told a TIME correspondent a bit of the story of its trials and works.

"Let's not say anything about me," said the Ukrainian. "It isn't safe. But let me tell you something which I heard from a girl who fled last year. In 1948 she lived in Kharkov in the Ukraine. That summer a rumor spread that the Americans had landed on the Black Sea coast and were marching north. So one day there was a...