Dominican Dictator Rafael Leonidas Trujillo was plainly reaching for political respectability. Clad in diplomatic cutaway, silk tie and striped trousers, he had clinked champagne glasses earlier this month with Warren R. Austin, chief U.S. delegate to the United Nations, during Austin's Caribbean tour. Before Austin left the Dominican Republic, the 400-year-old University of Santo Domingo gave him an honorary degree.

The benign Generalissimo also busied himself making the best possible impression on the five traveling investigators of the Inter-American Peace Commission. Largely as the result of Haitian charges that he was behind a December plot to overthrow the government of...

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