AFRICA: Bumps in Freedom Road

As urgent as the rumble of talking drums, the spirit of self-rule swept across Africa. The big white-dominated lands of southern Africa would soon look north on a solid girdle of independent black states stretching from the Atlantic to the Indian Ocean. In some parts of Middle Africa, colonialism was retreating in good order, leaving a promise, or at least hope, of peace in the transition to government by black men. In others, the process was jerky, confused and reluctant.

In Tanganyika, due south of Kenya, Britain's Governor Sir Richard Turnbull announced constitutional changes giving Africans virtual home rule by late...

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