Education: Integration & Defiance

Prince Edward County, deep in the tobacco and pulpwood country of south-central Virginia, kept Negroes out of white schools for four years after the Supreme Court ordered integration, but this summer, time seemed to be running out. The Fourth U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals ordered U.S. District Judge Sterling Hutcheson to set a date for integration. The county school board—one of the defendants in the legal fight that led to the Supreme Court's 1954 decision —bid for a five-year delay, to make a "sociological survey."

Every white congregation in Farmville (pop. 5,000), the county...

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