Art: The Architect of Brasilia

Two years ago a brilliant Brazilian architect took on one of the world's most exciting assignments in art: to design the palaces, public buildings, courthouses, churches—even the yacht club—of a whole new city that will house 500,000 people. Now Brasilia, the great new inland national capital, is bustling toward completion, much to the pride and satisfaction of Architect Oscar Niemeyer.

In a country alive with spectacular and imaginative new architecture, the work of Oscar Niemeyer (see color pages) ranks at the top. One day in 1956 Niemeyer went riding with his longtime friend, President...