POLAND: The Communist Unemployed

A month ago, chuckling gleefully over the U.S. recession, Russia's Nikita Khrushchev trotted out a timeworn Communist taunt: "Unemployment is the inevitable companion of capitalism." Last week, in the "workers' paradise" constructed by the Reds in Poland, laboring men were learning that unemployment can be a companion of Communism too.

Hewing religiously to Moscow blueprints, the Polish Communists had tried to industrialize Poland overnight. To staff new factories, they drew hundreds of thousands of unskilled peasants off the land, padded the payrolls with thousands of Poland's aged who were unable' to live on their pensions. Before long, state-owned enterprises employed...

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