BUREAUCRACY: Ever-Bearing Hatchery

Taking over the Federal Government after two decades of New Deal and Fair Deal, the new Republican Administration expected in January 1953 that businesslike management of the nation's affairs would shrink the swollen federal payroll. But last week Congress' Joint Committee on Reduction of Nonessential Federal Expenditures reported that in fiscal 1957 the executive branch's civilian payroll crept up to an alltime peak of $11 billion, more than $1 billion above the 1952 level.

Pay boosts accounted for the entire increase: the number of executive-branch employees (aside from foreigners employed overseas) actually shrank by 7% during the five-year span—from 2,577,000...

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