TEXAS: Bad Day in Longview

In an unpainted, poster-plastered little hut of a cafe outside the Gregg County seat of Longview in East Texas, a handful of teen-age Negroes drank soda pop, danced to the music of a beat-up jukebox, chattered happily just because it was Saturday night. Suddenly the cheerful inside noises were smeared by the snarl of a car outside, a sputtering of shots ("like a string of firecrackers," said one witness) and a scream.

As Perry Dean Ross of nearby Tatum, the driver of the car, put it later in his signed confession: "I held the steering wheel with my left...

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