In Rome last week statesmen of six European nations assembled in a vast, frescoed hall atop Capitoline Hill. All about them were reminders of the age when Europe all the way from Hadrian's Wall in the south of Scotland to Roman outposts on the Black Sea acknowledged the law of the Caesars. Before them on a damask-covered table lay the latest instruments for reunifying Europe—the treaties that would establish the Western European Common Market and the European Atomic Energy Community.

Within 15 years or so, under the first treaty, there will be no...

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